For someone in the business of training athletes, having a thorough understanding of the various types of performance training and training methods is necessary before the selection and designing of a suitable training program for an athlete. The reason why athletes train is because they want to strengthen and evolve their performance.
Nevertheless, training achievements are linked to the specific training. Training gains are dependent specifically on which muscles are engaged, the speed of movement, types of contractions, duration and intensity of training.
The purpose of training for an athlete
The core purpose of training is so that the body makes strategic improvements in relation to the stress placed on it. If the training involves pressure where the muscle used up the glycogen stores, then the body learns to make more glycogen stores. If at first, the body was not strong enough to lift the weight, stress on the muscle causes the body to undergo hypertrophy to allow the muscle the ability to lift the weight the next time.
This is why different athletes need to employ the type of training and methods that are most closely connected to their specific sport. The various categories of performance training for athletes include flexibility, anaerobic, aerobic and strength training.
The main purpose of anaerobic exercise is to enhance the two anaerobic power systems and in the process, power, speed, and strength are often developed as well. This kind of performance training acts by boosting the rate at which an athlete’s muscles handles pyruvic acid and also does away with lactate from the muscles.
Thanks to this, athletes can perform higher intensity workloads for a longer time, shortening the recovery process to repeat the intensity, quickness, and stamina in the activities performed. Using a muscle recovery machine that uses sequential pressure, like the RecoveryPump made by RP Sports, helps shorten the recovery time even more.
In this type of training the cardiovascular system and the aerobic energy system comes into play. Every sport can benefit from this type of performance training as it constitutes the fundamentals of an athlete’s fitness. Aerobic exercise works by multiplying the delivery of oxygen to the muscles, getting rid of waste products in the energy systems in a more efficient manner, and improving the muscle’s ability to take advantage of the aerobic energy system.
This enables the athlete to gain a higher and longer capacity for workloads. Athletes can use a number of training methods in the type of performance training like aerobic interval, fartlek, and circuit.
The aim of flexibility training is to expand the range of motion (ROM) of the joints. Active ROM is achieved when athletes stretch their own muscles without the aid of an outside force (straight leg lift) while passive ROM is achieved using an outside force (sit and reach).
This type of performance training in athletes promotes accurate technique while executing skills. Increased flexibility also reduces the risk of injury. The four methods used to improve flexibility are PNF, ballistic, static and dynamic stretching.
The goal of such a type of performance training is to increase and fortify an athlete’s strength. Strength training leads to muscular hypertrophy which serves to improve performance. It is in the nature of this type of training to put a lot of stress on the muscle in question, which leads to minor tears in the muscle. In response to the high stress, an athlete’s body increases the size of the muscle to further increase its agility and muscular strength.
Though this type of training can be used in many different sports, it is most suited to sports which involve muscular strength as one of the chief components of the fitness regime. Within this type of training, methods like hydraulics, weights, and elastics can be included.
The role of being a personal trainer to an athlete, no matter how serious they are about their sport, carries a lot of responsibility. Not just for the advances made, but also for the safety of the athlete and insuring against doing any type of exercise that could cause potential injury. It is extremely rewarding, however, and the trainer shares in the excitement of each success.